Abel Tasman is home to over 70 different bird species. Common forest birds include:
Bellbird (Anthornis melanura), brown creeper (Mohoua novaeseelandiae), New Zealand falcon (falco novaeseelandiae), fantail (Rhipidura fuliginosa), fernbird (Bowdleria punctata), grey warbler (Gerygone igata), South Island kaka (Nestor meridionalis meridionalis), kea (Nestor notabilis), long-tailed cuckoo (Eudynamys taitensis), morepork (Ninox novaeseelandiae), wood pigeon (Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae), pipit (Anthus novaeseelandiae), pukeko (Porphyrio melanotus), rifleman (Acanthisitta chloris), shining cuckoo (Chrysococcyx lucidus), silvereye (Zosterops lateralis), tomtit (Petroica macrocephala), tui (Prosthemadera novaeseelandiae), weka (Gallilarus australis), and the yellow-crowned parakeet (Cyanoramphus auriceps).
Common birds that are found around the coastline and/or wetlands are:
Australasian harrier (Circus approximans), banded dotterel (Charadrius bicinctus), banded rail (Gallirallus philippensis), bar-tailed godwit (Limosa lapponica), black-backed gull (Larus bulleri), black oystercatcher (Haematopus unicolor), black shag (Phalacrocorax carbo), blue penguin (Eudyptula minor), caspian tern (Hydroprogne caspia), fluttering shearwater (Puffinus gavia), gannet (Morus serrator), grey duck (Anas gracilis), New Zealand kingfisher (Halcyon sancta), little shag (Phalacrocorax melanoleucos brevirostris), marsh crake (Porzana pusilla), South Island pied oystercatcher (Haematopus finschi), paradise shelduck (Tadorna variegata), pied shag (Phalacrocorax varius), pied stilt (Himantopus himantopus), red-billed gull (Larus novaehollandiae), reef heron (Egretta sacra), sooty shearwater (Puffinus griseus), southern black-backed gull (Larus dominicanus), spotted shag (Stictocarbo punctatus), welcome swallow (Hirundo neoxena), white-faced heron (Egretta novaehollandiae), and white-fronted tern (Sterna striata).
Several animal, and plant protection activities have been initiated in around Abel Tasman National Park. For example, several bird species have been brought back to the ecosystem. Among them are South Island saddlebacks (Philesturnus carunculatus), the brown teal (Anas chlorotis), and the New Zealand robin (Petroica australis).
Insects are very important to the ecosystem. Commonly found hexapods include cicadas (Melampsalta subalpina), damselflies (Austrolestes colensonis, Xanthocnemis zealandica), dragonflies (genus Uropetala) and sandflies (genus Austrosimulium), as well as a great variety of beetle, moth, ant and weevil species. Arachnids include the nursery web spider (Dolomedes minor), the large brown vagrant spider (Uliodon albopunctatus), and many more. The most famous insects however, are the giant carnivorous land snails (Powelliphanta hochstetteri, Rhytida oconnori).
Geckos and skinks are also at home in the Abel Tasman area. The only native mainland mammal is the long-tailed bat (Chalinolobus tuberculatus).
Along the coast, New Zealand fur seals (Arctocephalus forsteri) and little blue penguins (Eudyptula minor) bathe in the sun. Several native fish species may be found accordingly. Among them are New Zealand longfin eel (Anguilla dieffenbachii), short jaw kokopu (Galaxias postuectis), giant kokopu (Galaxias argenteus) and the freshwater crayfish (Parenephrops planifrons).
Introduced species are the California quail (Callipepla californica), Canada goose (Branta canadensis), Eurasian blackbird (Turdus merula), yellowhammer (Emberiza citrinella), possums and stoats.